Solar energy works by harnessing the power of the sun to generate electricity. This process begins with solar panels, which are made up of photovoltaic cells designed to capture the energy from the sun’s rays.
When sunlight hits these cells, it excites the electrons within them, creating a flow of electricity. This electricity is then sent to an inverter, which converts it from direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC), the type of electricity used in homes and buildings.
The energy generated by solar panels can be used in a few different ways. It can be used immediately to power the electrical devices and appliances within your home or stored in batteries for later use.
Alternatively, excess energy generated by solar panels can be sold back to the power grid, allowing homeowners to earn credits or money for the energy they produce.